RODGER BOWMAN COLLECTION
No. 3211. Pigeon-Fraser Scout US Army Signal Corps
Source unknown

Pigeon-Fraser Scout

03/31/2008. Info from Rodger Bowman, Gil Halpin, Old Rhinebeck Aerdrome and Johan Visschedijk: "This single-seat fighting scout was the first pursuit aircraft contracted for by the United States and was designed by George Norman Albree at the Pigeon Hollow Spar Company, East Boston, Massachusetts, USA, and is also known as Albree Monoplane. Two aircraft were delivered to the USASC in September 1917, s/n 116 and 117, for testing at Langley Field, Virginia, USA.

The aircraft was of wooden construction and powered by an 100 hp Gnome-Rhone rotary engine. A unique design concept of the aircraft was that the "rudder" was not used for flight control, but only to compensate for engine torque. Also the Scout quite possibly was the very first aircraft design to invoke the use of an all 'flying tail' as the entire tail assembly was hinged behind the cockpit moving up and down for elevator control. It is believed to be the first aircraft to utilize a flat-bottomed airfoil, and uniquely designed spring-type wheels were used to provide shock absorption.


Created January 12, 2004