AUBRY GRATTON COLLECTION
No. 8997. Curtiss 94 XF14C-2 (03183) US Navy
Aeroplane Photo Supply (APS) Photo No. 3724

Curtiss 94 XF14C-2

05/31/2009. Remarks by Johan Visschedijk: "On June 30, 1941, Curtiss was awarded a development contract for the XF14C-1 single-seat high-altitude shipboard fighter, to be powered by the still experimental 2,200 hp Lycoming XH-2470-4 liquid cooled engine. Wind tunnel tests conducted by the Navy in October 1942 indicated that Curtiss engineers had been somewhat optimistic in their performance estimates, inadequate by contemporary standards. This, and the still existing prejudice by the Navy against liquid-cooled engines, led to the cancellation of the XF14C-1.

However, Curtiss was requested to adapt the airframe for the turbo-supercharged 2,300 hp Wright XR-3350-16 two-row eighteen cylinder air-cooled radial engine, driving a six-bladed contra-propeller. Designated XF14C-2, the aircraft was flown in September 1943, but not delivered to the USN until July 1944. The XF14C-2 performance, too, was below manufacturer's guarantees, and with the tide of war in the Pacific running in favor of the USA, the altitude capability needs diminished.

Subsequently the XF14C-2 program, Curtiss last propeller-driven fighter, was canceled.

Created May 31, 2009