09/30/2013. Remarks by Johan Visschedijk: "With the end of the war, the Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Nord (known as SNCAN or just as Nord) was involved in building the Dornier Do 24T and the Messerschmitt Bf 108 for the French military forces. The Bf 108 was designated Nord 1000 and some 250 examples of the Renault 6Q-powered Nord 1001 Pingouin I (Penguin) and Nord 1002 Pingouin II were built by the company from 1945 onwards. Nord did not build the Pingouin for civil sale, but it did provide a basis for two models which were aimed at non-military customers.
The Nord 1101 Noralpha was derived from the Messerschmitt 208 (which was, itself, an enlarged Bf 108) which Messerschmitt had intended to build at the Nord factory at Les Mureaux. It was rather larger than the Nord 1000 with a full four-seat cabin, higher power and a retractable tricycle undercarriage. Again, the majority of the 200 aircraft built went to the French Armée de l'Air (Air Force) as the Ramier (Woodpidgeon) but a handful were sold to commercial customers and government agencies. Many examples of both the Ramier and the Pingouin appeared on the French civil register once they were retired from military service. Details of these postwar Nord models are as follows:
1000. French-built Bf 108 b four-seat low-wing cabin monoplane with retractable tailwheel undercarriage and Argus AS 10B engine.
1001 Pingouin I (Penguin). Nord 1000 with left-hand turning 220 hp Renault 6Q.11 engine.
1002 Pingouin II (Penguin). Nord 1001 with Renault right-hand turning 6Q.10 engine.
1100 Noralpha. Nord 1000 with larger fuselage, retractable tricycle undercarriage and 240 hp Argus As 10C engine.
1101 Noralpha. Nord 1100 with Renault 6Q.10 engine, known by the military as the Ramier I (Woodpigeon).
1102 Noralpha. Nord 1100 with Renault 6Q.11 engine, known by the military as the Ramier II (Woodpigeon).
1104 Noralpha. Experimental 1101 (c/n 61) with 240 hp Potez 6DO.
1110. Two experimental 1101s fitted with Turboméca Astazou turbo-prop. Prototype, registered F-WJDQ, first flew October 15, 1959."